Published on 0000-00-00
Elmina is one of Ghana’s most famous historic towns and its strategic location and history makes it the beacon for investment and the heart of splendid tourists destination of par excellence not only in the Central Region of Ghana but in the west African sub region.
This is a brief profile of the Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem Municipal Assembly of which Elmina is the Capital, is presented here.
The Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem (KEEA) Municipality was carved out of the Cape Coast Metropolis in 1988 in pursuance to LI 1857.
Location and Size
The Municipality is bounded on the South by the Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea), the East by the Cape Coast Metropolis, the North by the Twifo-Hemang-Lower Denkyira District and the West by the Mpohor – Wassa East District. Perched between longitude 10 20’ West and 10 40’ West and latitude 50 05’ North 150 North the District covers an area of 372.45 kilometers square (919.95 square miles).
There are four paramouncies in the Municipality, these are:
Komenda with the paramount seat at Komenda
Edina with the Paramount seat at Elmina
Eguafo with the paramount seat at Eguafo
Abrem with the paramount seat at Abrem Berase
According to the 2000 PHC, the District had a population of 112,435 which represented about 7.1 % of the central region’s total population. The 2010 PHC report gave the Municipal population at 144,705. The total population for Male is 69,665 and Female is 75,040 representing 48.14% and 51.86% respectively. Thirty-five percent of the population in the Municipality lives in urban centers; the Municipality has an average household size of 4. There are four major towns with respective population figures of over five thousand (5,000) people; these are Elmina, Komenda, Kissi and Agona Abrem. There are seven (7) other settlements with respective population figures of over two thousand, which can be described as sub-urban towns. The projected population of the KEEA Municipality for 2014 is 161,208 which is estimated to increase by 4,412 by 2015.
The landscape of the Municipality is generally undulating dominated by batholiths. Along the coastal zone is a series of lagoons and wetlands, the largest of which include the Benya, Brenu, and Susu Lagoons. These lagoons support a vibrant salt industry in the Municipality.
The slopes and hills are steep in inland areas. In between the hills are valleys of various streams, which drain into the coastal lagoon and the Atlantic Ocean. These streams include the Hua and Anta in the west and the Udu and Suruwi in the east.
Geology and Soils
Mainly the Birimian rock type consisting of schist and granites as well as pegmatite underlies a large proportion of the district. On the slopes of the hills, the overburden soils are sandy clayey soils while the valleys have gravely sandy colluviums.
The coastal areas of the municipality form part of the littoral anomalous zone of Ghana and experience a lower rainfall region compared with the interior locations. Temperatures are generally high. And so the variability in climate and vegetation is influenced more by rainfall than temperature. With double maxima, annual rainfall totals in coastal locations rages between 750 and 1,000m while in the lower interior areas, it ranges between 1200 and 1500mm.
The municipality is generally humid. Relative humidity in the mornings varies between 85% and 99%. In the afternoons however, this can decline to between 50-85%.
The vegetation varies according to the rainfall pattern. In coastal areas the vegetation consists of shrubs of about 1.5m high, grasses and scattered trees. In the interior, secondary forest occur but human activities are fast depleting this forest base.
Economy of the Municipality
Commerce and Services: Commercial activities cover trading, the buying of goods and selling of goods. This forms a very important part of the economic life of the people in the Municipality as it penetrates into the small villages in the Municipality in the form of peddling. The Services sector comprises of activities in the transport, catering and hospitality industry.
The Municipality is fairly accessible from other parts of the country and outside the country, especially the Southern portion. According to the Department of Feeder Roads the total road surface in the Municipality is 188 km. This is made up of 31 km trunk road and 156km feeder roads.
The Accra-Takoradi trans-national highway passes through the Municipality. This constitute the 31km length of the highway in the Municipality is the only asphalted road. In addition to this highway, 38km of the total length of feeder road is tarred. These include the Komenda-Junction to Komenda road, Elmina-Ankaful road the Brenu-Akyinim-Ayensudo road.
Tourism: Tourism is a sector that holds a lot of prospects for the municipality. However it cannot yet be counted as one of the main economic activity areas in terms of income. These economic activities mentioned need adequate infrastructure to be able to operate efficiently. However, this is not the situation presently; for instance, the fishing harbor is silted and polluted. The rate of investment is low even though there are several investment potentials to be tapped. This is an area the Municipality will have to work on, to improve upon its economic gains.
Industry: The type of industry of all employed persons 15 years and older are shown in Table 4.3. Over four out of ten employed persons (42%) are in agriculture, forestry or fishing industry which constitutes the highest industry within the municipality. The proportion of males engaged in Agriculture, forestry and fishing is higher (51.8%) than that of females (34%) which in any case represent the highest among the major industries for both sexes. Also 16.7% of the employed population 15 years and older are in wholesale and retail, this includes 7.8% males and 23.9%. . Furthermore, 14.3% are in manufacturing and 4.5% in education. This means that there are more females engaged in wholesale and retail than males.
Financial institutions: A few financial institutions operate in the Municipality, these are:
- Commercial Banks (GCB, Kakum Rural Bank, Akatakyiman Rural Bank,GN Bank)
- Microfinance institutions (First National Savings and Loan Bank)
The financial institutions serve as the point of ‘borrowing’ and savings for the majority of the people who are employed in the private sector of the local economy. The need for credit facilities for business growth far exceeds the number of financial institutions available to businesses; therefore there is more room for potential financial operators to come in and investment.