Mfantseman Municipal

Published on 0000-00-00

Introduction

The Mfantseman Municipal Assembly is one of the [5] Administrative Districts, which were elevated to Municipality status in January 2008 in the Central Region. The functions of the Mfantseman Municipal Assembly like all other District Assemblies are basically derived from statute, as mandated by Local Govement Act 462 of 1993 and Legislative Instrument No.2026.

Physical and Natural Environment

Location, and Size

The Municipality is bounded to the West by Abura-Asebu-Kwamankese District, to the North-East by AjumakoEnyanEssiam District and to the East by Ekumfi District and to the South by the Gulf Of Guinea. It stretches for about 35km from Eguase, the most weste point to Mankessim, the most Easte point.The Municipality covers about 660sq km and the proportion of land Area to region is in the ratio 1:20.

Relief and Drainage

Mfantseman is about 60 metres above sea level and is drained by a number of rivers and streamsincluding the Nkasaku, which empties into the Atufa lagoon in Saltpondand Aworaba which drains into Etsi lagoon in great Kormantse. Other lagoons in the area are the Eko near Anomabo, at Egyaa and Kwasinzema at Kormantse into which flow small streams and rivulets. Mfantseman is low lying with loose quateary sands along the coast and is characterized by undulating coastal dense scrub and grassland with isolated marshy areas.

Climate

Mfantseman has an average temperature of 24oC and relative humidity of about 70 percent, with double maximum rainfall with peaks in May-June and October. Annual total rainfall ranges between 90cm and 110cm in the coastal savannah areas and between 110cm and 160cm in the interior close to the margin of the forest zone. Dry seasons usually occur from December to February and from July to September.

Vegetation

This consists of dense scrub tangle and grass, which grow to an average height of 4.5m. It isbelieved that the municipality was once forested, but has been systematically destroyed through centuries of bad environmental practices. However, pockets of relatively dense forest can be found around fetish groves and isolated areas. These physical characteristics have combinedeffectively to offer opportunities in Agriculture (farming and fishing) to the people

Soils, Geology and Minerals

The municipality is endowed with rich natural resources including talc, granite, silica and kaolin of commercial grade which are used in building construction and the ceramics industry Petroleum and natural gas (not yet exploited) are also found in the continental shelf off-shore of Saltpond. Other natural resources which are yet to be exploited include beryl at Saltpond and areas around Mankessim, feldspar at Biriwa and Moree, spondumene (lithium) at Saltpond, uranium at Abandze, columbite and tantalite at the coastal belt between Cape Coast and Saltpond.

Economy of the District

Market and Revenue

By virtue of its strategic position along the main Accra-Cape Coast road to the oil city in Takoradi, Mfantseman municipality has become a big commercial hub in the region, with Mankessim, being the Central Business District (CBD).

Larger portions of the assembly’s inteally generated fund come from Mankessim typical of most CBDs. Other urban towns in the municipality are not neglected in terms market infrastructure. A 2 storey 20 lockable stores have also been constructed at the Saltpond market. The Assembly in collaboration with CEDECOM is constructing a market complex at Biriwa and rehabilitating the Mankessim lorry parks.  More projects are still ongoingaimed at improving the revenue base of the municipality and they include a 2 storey 20 lockable stores at Mankessim and pavement of the Accra-Kumasi and AssinFosu lorry park at Mankessim.

Banking

A vibrant banking system and services serve as a sound and enabling environment for fruitful investment and wide range of business transaction in an economy in terms of savings and credit mobilization.  There are presently eight (8) banks that operate in the municipality namely; Ghana Commercial Bank, Mfantsiman Community Bank, NyankomaseAhenkro Rural Bank, Kakum Rural Bank and Ekumfiman Rural Bank,  Opportunity Bank, First National Bank, ADB, Multi-Credit and other micro financial institution  provide banking service in the Municipality. However, most of the communities are remote from the banks as most of these banks operate in communities along Cape Coast - Accra highway.

Agriculture

Due to Mfantseman’s proximity to the sea, it has rich fishing grounds along the coast and hasmade fishing a major activity along the coastal towns and villages notable among which are Biriwa, Anomabo, Abandze, Ankaful and Kormantse. Furthermore, the effective interactions among climate, soils and rivers/streams have made farming possible especially in the in land areas. Crop farming is done in almost all parts of the Municipality, especially in the inland areas. Among the crops cultivated are cocoa, oil palm, pineapples, oranges, plantain, maize, cassava, cocoyam and coconut. The major cash crops, which can be exported or sold domestically at high profit margins, include oil palm at Akobima, coffee and cocoa grown at Dominase and Kyeakor.

Distribution of labour is as follows

Fishing - 51%

Farming - 30%

Commerce - 19%

Trading

It involves the sale of both Agriculture and manufactured goods with Mankessim being an important trading town rivalling Techiman in the Brong Ahafo Region. Distilling of sugarcane into gin is undertaken at Egyaa.

Mineral Resources

TYPE OF MINERAL LOCATION DESCRIPTION STATUS
Koalin {China Clay} Saltpond The deposits are closely associated with the pegmatite bodies. They are of commercial grade. Operated by Ghana Ceramics Co. Ltd.
Beryl Saltpond and  areasbetween Winneba and Mankessim Found in association with pegmatite. Reserves about 5,000 tones Not exploited
Oil and Gas Saltpond Found in the continental shelf off-shore of Saltpond Crude oil production {by Saltpond Off-shore Producing Company Ltd} off the coast of SaltpondGas unexploited
Feldspar Biriwa Widely distributed silicate -50% in igneous rocks, 30% in metamorphic rocks, 10% in ground stones etcWidespread in pegmatite of Ghana Exploited by Ghana Ceramics Co. Ltd{Defunct}

Industry

Few industries can be found in the Municipality. They include local gin distilleries at MankessimandEgyaa No. 1, 2 and 3, and Abandze. Other industries include soap making at Mankessim,boat building at Anomabo, saw milling at Mankessim and Biriwa, sachet water production atSaltpond, Mankessim and Anomabo. Salt winning is carried out on a large scale at Kuntu,Wankam,. Small scale diamond winning is carried out at Adambo near Anomabo. There are also Agro-Processing in the following areas

  • Gari production at Taboso
  • Distilling of sugarcane into alcoholat Agyaa
  • Palm oil extractionat Akobima

Tourism

Historically, Mfantseman is the birth place of Ghana; where the first political party, the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC), was formed in 1947.Saltpond is a historical town and has great significance in the political history of Ghana. It was one of the first habitats for Ghana’s colonial masters and still possesses the remnants of several landmarks and relics which hitherto serve as potential tourists sites. Among these many relics are: the first post office in Ghana, the office of the first political party in Ghana UGCC and the Saltpond oil rig where crude oil was first exploited in Ghana.

There are few significant monuments in the municipality which can be converted into tourist sites. Among these are Fort Amsterdam built at Abandze by the Netherlands in 1631-1638 and Fort William (Fort Anomabo) built by the British in 1753-1770 and situated at Anomabo. Beachresorts are also operated at Saltpond, Abandze, Anomabo, Biriwa, Kuntu.

Festivals

Festivals in the district are celebrated from August to December each year and are used as a means to remember their ancestors and to be protected and favoured by them. It is also held to purify the communities and allow it to go into the New Year with hope. Rituals and celebrations are an important part of the daily life and this can be seen by the large gatherings that are seen at festivals. Below are the main festivals celebrated in the Municipality:

Odambea festival

On the last Saturday of August, the Nkusukum Chiefs and people of the Saltpond Traditional area commemorate the migration of their people centuries ago from Techiman (5000 km away)  to their present settlement. Odambea means fortified link. A special feature of the festival is the re-enactment of ancient lifestyle of the people and the chance to lea how they migrated.

Okyir Festival

Okyir is the major festival celebrated by the people of Anomabo. It is celebrated as a sign of cleansing or purification of the town from filth, evil spirits etc. Highlights of the festival include the following activities:

• A yam festival celebrated by offering food to the 77 gods of the town.

• Vigil keeping.

• Preparation and distribution of food among friends and loved ones.

• A colourful durbar of chiefs.

• Beach programme.

The climax of the Okyir is on the second Sunday of October.

AhobaaKese and Ahobaa Kakraba Festival

AhobaaKakraba is celebrated on the First Friday of the month of June. AhobaaKese is celebrated in the month of August each year by the Abeadze State.  The AhobaaKese and Kakraba festivals are to honour and commemorate a man who volunteered to die a sacrificial death in the 1400’s in order to stop a deadly disease afflicting the Fantes. His name was Ahor. There is also the yam festival celebrated in August. This is characterized by merry making, drumming and dancing. On the Saturday of the festival, the Omanhene of the Abeadze state together with his Sub Chiefs and Queen mothers are carried in palanquins through the main streets.

Borbor Mfantse Festival

BorborMfantse festival has two major features, namely marking the beginning of food harvesting and remembering revered ancestors. During the festival, rituals offerings are divided into two, the rites which are observed in private, including sacrifices to divinities and ancestors, ritual libations and incartations. Oce this is accomplished the public celebrations commences. The durbars organized draw huge crowds and it is an avenue for the people to pledge their allegiance to their leaders. Programmes organized during the period include food bazaar, street caival and state dance.