Published on 0000-00-00
Gomoa West District was established in July, 2008 by legislative Instrument (LI) 1896 following the division of the former Gomoa District into two, Gomoa West and Gomoa East Districts. Apam is its District Capital.
Gomoa West District stretches from Gomoa Antseadze in the West to Gomoa Bewadze in the East. It shares boundaries on the West with Ekumfi district, North-West by Ajumako-Enyan-Essiam district, North by Agona East and Gomoa East districts and by Effutu Municipal, as well as the Atlantic Ocean in the south.
The district covers a total land area of 458.5 square kilometers. Apam the district capital is 68km from Cape Coast, the regional capital.
The topography of the district is partially low-lying with land terrain principally being undulating. The average height of the land is about 8,762m above sea level. It has gentle sloping land from south to the north. There are few hills in the forest areas especially in the northern part of the district and low land at the coastal plains in the south. Most of the hills are capped with rich rocks, and Kaolin. Gold is also suspected to be embedded within these rocks. The rocks found in the district are suitable for both building and constructional purposes and can therefore be exploited for the benefit of the district.
The district lies within the semi-wet equatorial region with mean annual rainfall between 1500mm to about 2000mm. It also experiences two raining seasons; the major one from March to July and the minor one from August to October with occasional minor deviation.
During the rainy season there is brief interruption of the sun shine by thick cloud covers, which increases the temperature of the environment. The district on the average experiences an annual temperature of 29 degrees Celsius.
The relative humidity is influenced by the presence of large water bodies as a result of the proximity of the district to the ocean, rivers, lagoons and streams. Relative Humidity ranges from 70 degrees in the northern sector and 80 degrees in the southern sector.
The two main vegetation zones are the coastal savannah and the moist semi-deciduous forest occupying the northern territory. Pockets of vegetation have the resemblances of tropical rain forest that exist at the extreme north and the eastern part around Eshiem and Dawurapong. The moist semi-deciduous forest is characterized by tall trees inter-spaced with grass cover, shrubs and soft wood species.
Climate change and disaster risk management
Emerging developments in our environment and climate dispensation needs increased attention. The district faces much greater challenges in dealing with environmental degradation as a result of flooding, insect infestation, indiscriminate felling of trees, charcoal burning, crop failure, bush burning, tidal waves or sea erosion, etc. all these have come about as a result of mainly human activities in one form or the other. It is therefore incumbent on stakeholders dealing with climate change and disaster risk management to tackle the environmental degradation in a concerted manner.
Gomoa west is a single constituency district, made up of an urban council, two town councils and four area councils. The general assembly consists of fifty-three assembly members including the district chief executive and a member of parliament. It has thirty-six electoral areas constituting the elected members members and fifteen government appointees. The District Chief Executive is both political and administrative head whiles the District Co-ordinating Director is the public administrator and secretary to the assembly. The Presiding Member is the speaker of the General Assembly.
The 2010 Population and Housing Cencus recorded 135,189 as the population of the district which is about 6.1% of the reginal population. There are 60,417 males which constitute 44.7 percent of the total population and 74,772 females which also constitute (55.3%). The population in the urban areas is 57,568 (42.6%) and in the rural areas we have 77,621 (57.4%)
Gomoa state has two paramountcies namely Akyempim and Ajumako. The Akyempim has its seat at Gomoa Assin whilst Ajumako’s seat is located at Gomoa Ajumako
There are different ethnic groups in the district such as Gomoa (Akan), Ga’s, Krobos, Ewe, Kyiripon, Kotokoli, Moshie, Frafra among others who co-exist peacefully in their various settlements. Tuesday and Fridays are sacred days when no fishing and farming activities are out. On such days communal works are done in the various communities like mending of fishing nets.
The people of the area have various religious beliefs with major ones being Christians, Muslims, and traditional worshippers. The following festival are observed by the people of Gomoa, Akwambo, Ntokroko, Epa, “Ahobakumma” & “Ahobakese”. The district ha san annual, colourful and exciting festival known as Akwambo popularly known as” Gomoa, two weeks” which attracts a lot of people from all walks of life. The Akwambo festival is usually observed in the month of Augustof every year. The festival helps bring people back home foe development. The Ntokroko festival is used to make laws and this is celebrated in the first week of November. The Epa festival is celebrated in October and is used to settle disputes. This is normally done outside the chief’s palace.
The main economic activities of the people are farming that is crops and livestocks, fishing, mining and quarrying, tourism, commerce and services, manufacturing and agro-processing.
Tourism plays a leading role in the socio-economic development of the country. It is the third after gold and cocoa as the major foreign exchange earner in the country. However, tourism has failed to make any meaningful impact in the district economy as a result of its inability to identify and develop the few tourist site
Monuments and Historic Towns
- The Gomoas have a very extraordinary personality who once lived among them called Asebu Amanfi and he was a very Hugh man, considered as a giant. He was part of the Migrants from Techiman in present day Brong-Ahafo Region, what remains of him is a very heavy walking stick which he used, folks say the stick is so heavy that it will take very strong men to lift it up.
- At Gomoa Dago there is a very fine Geographical feature where there is a bigger rock resting on a smaller rock and this is closer to the sea and has no possibility of falling into the sea. Also there are Two big rocks with a pass in-between them and has a very beautiful scenery.
- Apam Fort Patience built by the Danes but was sold to the English in 1724. The fort is being used as a Rest House and runned by Ghana Museum Board.
- There is also evidence of slavery at Gomoa Nduem where Slave Chains are being preserved. These chains were used during the slavery era where colonial masters used them to bound slaves.
- At the heart of the coast of Mumford is a rock called Ekoku with spring water emanating from underneath it and does not taste salty. This Springs never dries up, it flows all year round.
- The availability of long stretch of beautiful coastline with very attractive sceneries could be developed into recreational centers for holiday and merry events
- Certain part of the district exist a large stretch of plain arable land noted for vegetable cultivation. With irrigation project about taking off at Gomoa Mprumem this could be harnessed to create employment by establishing all year round farming to enhance the fortunes of the inhabitants.
- The Apam Fort Patience built by the Danes but sold to the English in1724. This structure is currently used as a rest house and can be renovated and packaged well to bring more tourists.
- Most of the hills in the District are capped with iron pans, Bauxite and Kaolin. Gold and Bauxite are also embedded within these rocks. The rocks found in the district are suitable for both building and constructional purposes and can therefore be exploited to the benefit of the district. Also, the mineral deposits can be exploited to generate more revenue in aid of the district’s developmental efforts.