Published on 0000-00-00
Gomoa East District is one of the twenty (20) Districts in the Central Region of Ghana. The District was carved out as a separate district from the then Gomoa District in June 2008 by the Legislative Instrument 1883 and became operational on 29th February 2008 It occupies an area of 539.69 square kilometers With a total population of 207,071, comprising 47.5 percent males and 52.7 percent females with 2.5 growth rate (2010 PHC). The district has population density of 384 persons per square kilometer.
Location and Size
The district is situated between latitudes 5o14’ north and 5o35’ north and longitude 00o22’ west, and 00o54’ west.It is located in the south-eastern part of the Central Region. It is bordered by a number of districts, To the north-east by Agona East, south-west by Gomoa West, to the east by Awutu Senya and Ga South in the Greater Accra Region and to the South by Effutu. The Atlantic Ocean is found in the south-eastern part of the district
Physical & Natural Environment
This section describes the district regarding its climate; relief and drainage; vegetation; geology and minerals and soils and discusses how the physical environment has been affected by human activities.
There are two main rainfall seasons in the district, the major rainfall from April to July and
The minor season from September to November. It also experiences dry season in the months of December to March but now this pattern of rainfall is changing in duration.
Currently, the mean annual rainfall ranges between 70mm and 90mm in the southern coastal belt and between 90mm and 110mm in the north-western semi-deciduous forest areas.
The district’s mean annual maximum and minimum temperatures ranges between 290C and 260C which occurs in February to March and August respectively.
Its relative humidity is influenced by the presence of large water bodies like the ocean, rivers, lagoons and streams.
The relative humidity ranges between 70 percent and 80 percent for the northern and southern sectors of the district respectively.
There are two wind (air masses) systems namely the south-western monsoon winds whose direction influences the rainfall pattern and The north-eastern trade winds (dry hamattan winds) which are severe between January and February. With favourable climatic conditions, well-planned agricultural practices would lead to increase in productivity.
Relief and Drainage
The District falls within the coastal plains. The relief is mostly rising and falling with a number of hills.
Generally, it rises from the coastal south to the north with isolated hills and forest dissected plateau in the north and coastal plains in the south With the Yenku hills forming a broad ridge with a maximum height of 215m.
Generally, with moderate slope it becomes steep in a few places. The Togo rocks also give rise to hills along the Coast at Nyanyano and Fetteh.
The vegetation zones in the district are of two types, namely, the dry coastal savannah and
The moist semi-deciduous forest. The coastal savannah consists of grassland with scattered patches of thickets which stretch from Fetteh in the south eastern part of the district to Langma (Dampase) at eastern edge bordering the Ga South district.
The northern part of the district around Afransi, Amoanda and Lome areas are moist semi-deciduous forest. At the extreme northern and north-western parts near Gomoa Eshiem and Gomoa Takyiam, parts of the vegetation have the semblance of a tropical rain forest.
In this part of the district are found most of the cocoa and coffee farms.
Some economic trees found here include Wawa, Odum, sapele in the northern portion of the district. These trees provide a major source of income to households in terms of charcoal, wood for building etc
Soils and Agricultural Landuse
The parent materials from which the soils are formed are granites, upper Birimian rocks, and sandstone and river alluvium. These can be further categorized mainly into four soils namely;
The forest ochrosols and oxysols intergrades, tropical black earth and forest lithosols. The forest ochrosols has a high nutrient value and is suitable for both tree and food crops, including cocoa, coffee, citrus, maize, cassava, pineapple and vegetables.
The forest ochrosols and oxysols intergrades have lesser nutrients compared with the forest ochrosols but have similar texture. This type of soil also supports tree crops such as cocoa and all food crops.
The tropical black earth mainly found along the coastal areas and lagoons, is thick, sticky and dark in colour containing a mixture of a high percentage of magnesium, calcium and lime.
During the rainy season, these soils become thick and sticky but become compact and hard and crack up during the dry periods. These soils are potentially suitable for the cultivation of rice, cotton and sugar cane especially under artificial irrigation.
The forest lithosols are also referred to as rocky soils due to the underlying hard pan and making it poor in nutrient value. However, they can support the cultivation of vegetables.
Crops such as sugar cane, maize and pineapple are also grown along the valleys. These soils cover a wide area of the savannah belt of the district.
In view of the nature of the physical and natural environment described above, the people of the district are mainly engaged in farming and fishing for their livelihoods.
The seasonal nature of economic activities namely fishing and farming has contributed immensely to the poverty situation in the district.
This has greatly fuelled the seasonal migration of the people, especially the youth, to other districts in search of sustainable livelihoods.
It is therefore imperative for alternative livelihood programmes to be pursued vigorously in an effort to reduce poverty in the district.
The presence of the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) programme also presents an opportunity for the potentials of the district, especially its low-lying nature of the topography to be tapped.
The structure of the Local Economy
The local economy can be structured in terms of the number of people engaged in the primary production, manufacturing and services. Agriculture and related work (including animal husbandry, forestry, fishing and hunting) is the predominant occupation which employs 61.7 percent of the economically active population, manufacturing has 13.5 percent, commerce has 11.6 percent and service has about 13.2 percent.
Table 15: Sectors of the District Economy
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||20,429||25.8|
|Mining and quarrying||778||1.0|
|Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles||19,314||24.4|
|Transportation and storage||5,238||6.6|
|Accommodation and food service activities||4,693||5.9|
Source: Ghana Statistical Service, 2010 Population and Housing Census
INVESTMENT POTENTIALS AND BUSINESSES
Aesthetic features and Land Management
- The district is endowed with many aesthetic features forming a good ground for tourism development.
- The district boasts itself of a stream of beautiful and prestigeous hospitality homes dotted along the pristine coastline of Fetteh and Dampase.
- These attract over 15,000 tourists and holiday makers from Accra and other places. The coastal plain is dotted with rock outcrops which give a beautiful landscape.
- The Yenku Forest Reserve and the Yenku afforestation belt are found in the semi deciduous forest area. These can be further developed for eco-tourism which apart from conserving the ecosystem can also serve as a potential revenue base for the district and create jobs for people in the immediate environment.
- The “Gomoa two weeks” festival can be repackaged to give more meaning to cultural tourism in the district.
The district has a vast stretch of arable land for agriculture purposes. The varied soil supports most types of crops and other agric related activities. This means that the district has the potentials for agro-processing business. THIS includes
v Oil palm plantation
v Pineapple production
v Export (exotic) vegetable production
v Fish farming
v Pineapple processing
v Cattle Rearing
v Coconut production/plantation
The vast nature of the land coupled with good level ground could facilitate estate development.
The two (2) seasonal festivals (Akwambo and Gomoa 2-weeks) could be repackaged to make it more attractive and meaningful for the betterment of the district
Salt Production in Nyanyano is also a good area that is worth investing in the district.