Published on 0000-00-00
Ekumfi District is one of the twenty administrative districts in the Central Region. It was established by a Legislative Instrument (L.I. 2170, 2012). It was carved out of the erstwhile Mfantsiman Municipality as a result of its growing population which hampered its administration. As a means of ensuring effective administration and holistic development, the Ekumfi district was created and inaugurated on June, 2012 with Essarkyir as its capital.
The mission statement of the Ekumfi District Assembly is that “It exists to facilitate the improvement of quality of the people within the Assembly’s jurisdiction through equitable provision of services for the total development of the district within the context of good governance”. Its vision is to be a “first class investment and tourism destination in Ghana”.
Physical and Natural Environment
Location and Size
The Ekumfi District is located along the Atlantic Coastline of the Central Region of Ghana. The district is bounded to the West, Mfantsiman Municipality, to the North, Ajumako - Enyan – Essiam District, to the East, Gomoa West District and to the South by the Gulf of Guinea. The Trans ECOWAS highway divides the district and offers proximity to the two main ports in the country.
The district has a total surface area of 276.65 square kilometres, and this includes water bodies. There is access to land for development, whiles fishing and water transportation in the District potentially exist.
Relief and Drainage
The Ekumfi district is basically a low-lying area with loose quaternary sands. The area has an elevation lower than 60m above sea level. The rivers Narkwa and Emissa drain into the sea via the Narkwa and Emissa lagoons at Narkwa and Emissano respectively. Sand winning and deforestation along the banks of the rivers are affecting the water bodies in the district.Rivers within the district are being polluted through human activities. The lagoon in the district could be harnessed for commercial fishing and water sport. Agriculture could be improved by constructing dams to store water for irrigation.
The Ekumfi District with its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean has mild temperatures, which range between 22o C and 340C. It has a relative humidity of about 70 per cent. The district experiences double maxima rainfall with peaks in May—June and October. Annual total rainfall ranges between 90 cm and 110 cm in the Coastal Savanna areas and between 110 cm and 160 cm in the interior close to the margin of the forest zone. The periods December—February and July to early September are much drier than the rest of the year.
This consists of dense scrub tangle and grass, which grow to an average height of 4.5 m. It is believed that the district was once forested, but has been systematically destroyed through centuries of bad environmental practices such as bush fires and deforestation among others. However, pockets of relatively dense forest can be found around fetish groves and isolated areas.
The greatest influence on the vegetation in the district is the annual bush fires in the dry season (Dec – February). These devastating bushfires cause severe degradation of the environment. While these bush fires enable fresh grasses and shrubs for livestock to grow with the onset of the rains and also make it easy for clearing the land for farming purposes, these positive aspects do not outweigh the continuous harm these bush –fires do to the natural Environment and human habitat.
Along the coasts are cretaceous—Eocene marine sands with thin pebbly sands and some limestone. The district consists of upper and lower Birimian rocks and intrusive Tarkwaian rocks. These rocks have metallogenetic materials (metals), which include: Precious metals, Light metals and Base metals such as talc and diamonds.
The lower slope of the soil is the District is Sandy Loam whiles the upper slope is Clay Loam. The soils contain greater quantities of soil nutrients and are generally saline. Tree crops such as citrus and oil palm thrive in the area. Also vegetables such as garden eggs, okro and tomatoes thrive well whiles other crops like cassava, plantain and maize also thrive in the soils within the District. The soils in the district are suitable for farming and construction. Deforestation is affecting the fertility of soil at certain communities which need to be addressed. What is important in the use of these soils is good soil management and this may be achieved through appropriate farming practices and good environmental protection
Social and Cultural Structure
The kinship system is of matrilineal lineage and as such inheritance as well as succession is traditionally passed on from brothers to their sisters’ sons (uncles to nephews). The Ekumfi district is predominately dominated by Mfantses (Fantses). Therefore, Mfantse (Fantse) is the commonest spoken language in the District. It is believed that when the Mfantses (Fantses) migrated from the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana to the Central Region of Ghana, some of the migrants (Ekumfis’) resettled at the present day Ekumfi hence the ancestral name of the district. The District is made up of one Traditional council called Ekumfi (Borbor Kumkumfi). The first Traditional capital was at Akwansa Kokodo but it is currently situated at Ebiram which is the seat of the paramount chief of Ekumfi Traditional Council. There are numerous divisional chiefs supporting the traditional council.
The main festival of the District is “Ayerye” (Drumming) celebrated by most communities in the District. This is however, preceded by Akwanbo (Path Clearing). Nevertheless, there are other festivals like Aboakyir (Antelope Hunting) celebrated by the people of Nanaben and Aboakyir (Grass-cutter Hunting) by the people of Asaman. The district abounds in several tourists attractions prominent among which are the undeveloped beaches located at Narkwa, Arkra and Emissano. The old fort at Otuam is another attraction for visitors. Monkey sanctuaries located at Ebiram and Asaman have beautiful species of animals and plants
The total population of the District according to the 2010 PHC is 52,231, constituting 2.4 percent of the Central Regional population making it the District with the least population in the Region. Females constitute 28,129 which is 53.9 percent of the total population whiles the Males constitute 24,102 which is 46.1 percent
Pineapple production is the main farming activity in the district. Other agricultural products such as vegetables and fruits are produced on large scale in the district. Fishing is another economic activity carried out by the people especially along the coastal areas.
Salt mining is done on large scale at Suprodo and Narkwa. Other communities such as Srafa Kokodo, Srafa Mpoano, Srafa Aboano, Ekumpoano and Suprodo are also engaged in small scale salt mining. Although there are several lagoons in the district the potential of the salt industry is yet to be fully tapped.
Trading, which is an important economic activity is carried out virtually in every area in the district with Essuehyia as a major focal point and involves agricultural products and other merchandise.
There are large deposits of quality clay for the construction industry found in the district. There are clay factories located at Ekumfi Akwakrom and Otabanadze producing clay products for the housing and ceramic industry.