Published on 0000-00-00
The Cape Coast Metropolis is bounded on the South by the Gulf of Guinea, on the West by the Komenda/Edina/Aguafo/Abrem District, East by the Abura/Asebu/KwamankeseDistrict and North by the TwifoHemang Lower Denkyira District.
The Metropolis occupies an area of 122sq. km, with Cape Coast as its Capital and that of Central Region.
The area is dominated by batholith and is generally undulating with steep slopes.There are valleys of various streams between the hills, with Kakum being the largest stream. The minor streams end in wetlands, the largest of which drains into the Fosu Lagoon at Bakano.
In the northern part of the district, however, the landscape is generally low lying and is suitable for the cultivation of various crops.
The soils of the district are generally lateritic and are derived from the weathered granite and schist. The soil profile shows a topsoil of about 0.33mm. In the valleys and swampy areas, fine sandy deposits occur extensively.
The District has double maxima rainfall totaling between 750mm and 1000mm.
- Major rainy season- May to July
- Minor rainy season- November to January
Cape Coast is a humid area with mean monthly relative humidity varying between 85% and 99%. The sea breeze has a moderating effect on the local climate.
The present vegetation of the district consists of shrubs of about 1.5m high, grasses and a few scattered trees.
The Northern parts of the Metropolis are endowed with vast arable lands suitable for food crops– fruits, vegetables, citrus, oil palm, cassava, potato etc. whiles the Southern Coastal areas have shrub vegetation dotted with trees.
Human activities like bush burning, slash and burn, tree felling, characterized the degradation of the forests and the subsequent drying of rivers and river bodies.
In the coastal areas, there is rampant sand winning activities and quarrying. There is also a lot of pressure on the land use – fishing activities which lead to depletion of fish stock and species.
The negative land use activities include:
- Pollution of the sea and lagoons (eg. the Fosu Lagoon)
- Clearing of mangroves along the lagoon.
- Sand winning along the beaches.
- Open defecation into the sea and lagoon shores.
These negative interventions have culminated into degradation, loss of bio-diversity and climate change with its associated risks.