Awutu-Senya

Published on 0000-00-00

Introduction

The Administrative Capital of the District is Awutu Beraku. Until Awutu Senya East Municipal was carved out, the District was described as the Gateway to the Central Region from the Greater Accra Region. The District Assembly was established by LI 2024 of 2012 and inaugurated on August 2012.

Geo-Physical Features

Location and Size

The Awutu Senya District is situated between latitudes 5o20’N and 5o42’N and longitudes 0o25’W and 0o37’W at the easte part of the Central Region of Ghana. It covers a surface area of 404 square km. The District is separated by the Gomoa District which has dotted enclaves surrounding it.  The southe part stretches along the Gulf of Guinea constitutes the Senya traditional area and the Northe part of the District is made up of the Awutu traditional area which borders Gomoa and Agona Districts to the West.  In the North-Easte part is West Akim District.

Climate

The District has mean annual minimum and maximum temperatures of 22°C and 38°C, respectively.  It experiences two (2) main seasons namely; rainy and dry seasons. There is a major rainy season from April to July and a minor season from September to November.  The dry season starts from November and ends in March.  The rainfalls figures of the District are quite low (40cm–50cm) along the coast but are higher in the hinterland (50cm–70cm) annually).

The District is also influenced by the South-West Monsoon winds and the North-East Trade Winds (Hamattan winds).  The former brings rainfall whilst, the latter brings dry conditions.

Vegetation

The vegetation of the district is made up of degraded semi-deciduous forest and coastal savannah grassland.  About 70% of the district (almost all of the Northen part) is of semi-deciduous forest with cocoa and oil palm constituting the major crops cultivated. Forests are found in areas around Nyarkokwaa, Bontrase, Bawjiase and Osae-Krodua.

The savannah grassland is found along the Southe Coastal areas of Senya and its environs. These vegetation situations influence to a large extent the kind of farming activities and other economic activities by the residents.

Relief and Drainage

The Awutu-Senya land is characterised by isolated undulating highlands. However, lowlands with isolated hills are the main land feature along the coastline of Senya.

Two major rivers, Ayensu and Okrudu drain into the seaand occasionally cause flooding during the rainy season. There are also streams and small rivers that traverse the lowland plains stretching from Winneba to coastal plains of Senya.

Soils

The District is underlain by the Birimian rocks which consist of granites and phyllites and these to a large extent is determined by the topography of those areas.  In the semi-deciduous forest zone, the soil type is loamy-sandy making the place suitable for arable farming.  It supports the growth of several crops like pineapple, cassava, yam, maize and citrus among others. Soil found in the southe zone are characterised by clay with high salinity and therefore do not support the cultivation of many crops, but provides opportunities for ceramic and pottery industries. However, vegetables can be grown in some parts of the low-lying and savannah characterised vegetation at the coastal part of the District.This area is also conducive for livestock and large-scale poultry production which is yet to be exploited. 

Political administration

Awutu Senya District Assembly is made up of 1 Urban Council namely Senya, 5 Area Councils which are Bawjiase, Jei-Krodua, AwutuBereku, Bontrase and Obrachire. It has 25 elected and 11 appointed members.  There is a Member of Parliament and District Chief Executive (DCE) bringing the total number to 37.  Currently, 10 out of the 11 decentralised departments have been established at the District level.

The Assembly is empowered with legislative, deliberative and executive functions within the district. There is a Presiding Member who is elected from the Assembly Members and chairs all Assembly meetings and the Public Relations and Complaints committee (PRCC).

Economy

The District is a hub for agriculture and its related activities. Data from the Department of Agriculture in the District and the 2010 Population Census Report indicates that about 54% of households in the District are engaged in agriculture. The dominant occupation of Rural households in the District is agricultural and mainly into subsistence farming and small scale animal rearing.

Generally, 75.8% of households engaged in agricultural activities are into crop farming with 23.6 percent are engaged in livestock rearing. Tree planting and fish farming are undertaken by less than one percent of households in agriculture.  

The District is endowed with some wetlands and other natural water bodies and these can be tapped for irrigation to boost food crop production especially during the minor season. Among other natural resources that can be tapped to generate jobs and increase income generation include the largely untapped bamboo trees.

The fishing industry is very prominent in Senya, a coastal community in the district; this sector employs a large proportion of the working population in Senya.  Inland fishing is yet to receive the needed attention since there is growing demand for fresh water fish especially Tilapia. This sector constitutes a tremendous opportunity for the district, potential investors as well as for both the local and export markets.

The District has a very good potential for irrigation farming. The District can boast of the Ayensu, Kwekude River and dam, Okurudu stream.  However, there is the need for the district to undertake measures to utilize this potential for irrigation purposes.

The northe portion of the district is suitable for pineapple and vegetable production. There are large and medium scale farmers who produce pineapple for export. Bawjiase is noted for its cassava cultivation, hence the Ayensu Starch Factory. Cocoa is also cultivated in Bawjiase area and beyond. Prudent Farms is one of the large commercial farms which have about 20 out growers.  Other large scale pineapple farmers include Grand mill farms, Jei River Farms and George field farms.

Most of these large Scale farmers use irrigation system powered by pumps along river banks, dams and dug-outs.

Investment Opportunities

Agriculture and Agro-Processing

The district is blessed with all the three zonal characteristics namely coastal, savannah and forest vegetation. The southe part of the district is bounded by the sea which provides fishing activities for the communities nearby. Climbing up the district there are extensive stretch of savanna lands that promote the growth of pineapples, maize, yam and other vegetables. The upper boundary of the district is a forest zone which also promotes the cultivation of cocoa and cassava farms. The district has a huge cassava processing industry which provides ready market to most cassava farmers.

Agricultural production is mainly undertaken for the markets. Therefore, mode agricultural activity on a large scale would find a ready large urban market demand for food produce. Available farms are on a limited scale and could be expanded into large scale activities to serve district and beyond.

The district has directorate of agriculture representing the Ministry of Food and Agriculture headed by a director overseeing the various activities and operations in the industry. Extension services are provided by the directorate to cover areas such as crops, large and small ruminants, poultry, aquaculture, piggery, abattoir inspection and grass cutter as well as the control of the use of insecticides, pesticides and weedicides.

Industrial Activities

Industrial activity is at its minimum and yet to be developed though there are plenty of opportunities to be tapped. An already existing large urban population serves as a source of ready market and labour for industrial activities and consumer products, especially those in the informal and home-based sector. Improvement in the road networks would promote private participation in the expansion of freight and passenger transport services within the district.

Tourism

An exciting and unadulterated culture jouey is up for tourists in the district. It starts with the celebrated festivals rituals that precede them and even to everyday ceremonies in the communities. There are also several unique tourist attractions. For the lovers of beaches, the district has vast beach opening at its lower boundary, Senya Beraku.

The District is endowed with historical natural sites which would need some level of marketing and investment. A historical monument in Senya called the Good Hope Fort is located along the Gulf of Guinea. This fort which was built by the Dutch is considered the second Fort/Castle built in the central region of Ghana; second only to the Elmina Castle. The District is also blessed with an array of mountains. These potential areas can be developed and marketed to generate the needed revenue for the District Assembly and the District as a whole.

In the same regard, there is a long stretch of land along the Gulf of Guinea which can be developed into a beach resort with very beautiful landscapes.

Tourism and hospitality has the possibility to reach beyond the borders of the region. With critical mass and management skills, the district can take advantage of the rapidly emerging opportunities, but it will require vision, courage and a huge injection of capital. The industry employs directly or indirectly and is a critical regional developer. Tourism, together with the hospitality industry, is a reasonably good sector but much more must be achieved if we are to surf the tidal wave of opportunity coming our way.

Some existing tourist sites include the Old elephant bath, A Bat cave, A forest reserve with a green fire break, A forest reserve with observation trail, The ever flowing Ahiresu stream, A Triplet tree, A Beautiful Picnic Site, An Obotomfo cave, An Old lion’s den, A Rock car seat, A Shark-like rock, A Rock coffin, A Tripod rock with cap,  and A Big ceiba tree with Liana among others are located at Akrabong, Bewuanum, Mfafo, Ahiresu I and II, Abasomba and Obotomfo forest reserves.