Ajumako/ Enyan/ Essiam

Published on 0000-00-00

Legislative Establishment

The Ajumako/Enyan/Essiam District Assembly, established in 1988 by Legislative Instrument 1383, is one of the twenty (20) District/Metropolitan/Municipal Assemblies in the Central Region. It has Ajumako as its administrative capital.

Location and Size

As stated earlier, the Ajumako/Enyan/Essiam District Assembly is located in Central Region of Ghana, south of Cape Coast, the Regional Capital. It covers an area of about 541.3sq.km which is about 5% of the total land area (10,826sq.km) of the Central Region. It is bounded to the north by the Asikuma-Odoben-Brakwa District, the Assin South District to the north-west, the Ekumfi District to the West, Mfantsiman Municipal to the South and to the east and north-east by the Gomoa West District. The district lies between latitudes 51530and 10431 north and longitudes 00531and 100811west.


According to the 2010 Population and Housing Census, the district has a population of 138,046 people which posts an increase by 46,083 (50.10%). This comprises of 64,418 (46.66%) males and 73,628 (53.34%) females. In rural-urban terms, 68.10% of the population is rural based whilst 31.90% are urban based. By the 2010 census, the estimated population density is 255.03 indicating an increase by 85.

It has about 135 settlements with Ajumako, Bisease, Nkwantanum, Enyan Denkyira, Enyan Maim, Assasan, Mando, Enyan Abaasa, Ba, Techiman, Essiam Breman, Etsii Sonkwaa, among others, as the major settlements.

Socio-economic Organization/Structure


The district is largely an agrarian economy with the active population of approximately 70,000 into mainstream agriculture. Majority of these farming activities are on peasant basis. The available arable land is about 28,000 hectares of which around 12,500 hectares is presently under cultivation. The District Directorate of Agriculture continues to play its technical role on the field in ensuring food security in the district with the basics of good farming practices provided to the teaming farming community.

Trade and Commerce

In terms of trade and commerce, these agriculture produce are marketed in the various market centres at Ajumako, Essiam, Bisease and Mando and exported to other markets. Imported grocery is also actively traded in commercial stores at every tu in the district. Trade is ably facilitated by the Enyan-Denkyira and Assinman Rural Banks through the provision of trade credit and other ancillary financial services.

Health Care Delivery

Health care delivery spearheaded by the District Health Directorate is duly supported by Religious Missions and NGOs. The Catholic Mission, Salvation Army and PLAN GHANA are among the partners in the provision of health care. The District Mutual Health Insurance Scheme has a remarkable coverage of over ninety percent (90%) of the district population. There are twenty (20) health Facilities in the district which are evenly located for equitable depth and reach with special emphasis on CHPS Compound. The Ajumako Health Facility has district hospital status for basic referrals from the other facilities. These facilities are ably manned by a staff strength of 229, a marked improvement 1n 2013. Consequently, the disease control has registered some modest improvement. Antenatal care witnessed coverage of 80% with no mateal mortality whiles the incidence of malaria remarkably decreased.


The Ghana Education Service superintends the formal education system with direct responsibility for the public school system in the district. There are 109 public Pre - Schools (KG), 108Primary Schools, 77 JHS, 4 SHS, 3 TVET with one Tertiary Institution (UCEW) in the district as of 2012/2013 academic year. There are 1,755 teachers facilitating leaing in Pre-Schools to SHS levels. This pyramid shaped strata of education assures some level of equitable access to education at all levels in the district.

Environmental Sanitation

The Environmental Health Unit is equally in every tu of the district superintending good environmental sanitation. The Assembly meanwhile continues to honor its contractual obligation with Zoomlion Ghana in the Sanitation Improvement Package Programme which deals with major sanitation issues in the district.

Investment Potentials and Opportunities

The Assembly has strategically leveraged on some of its potentials whiles taking advantage of the opportunities available. Some of the potentials and opportunities herein listed refer:

  • Climatic Condition for Aqua Culture
  • Large Tracks of Fertile Agricultural Land
  • Availability and Easy Access to Undisputed Land for Other Commercial Purpose
  • Lower Property Rate Levy
  • Central Market
  • Real Estate Development (Students Hostel)
  • Availability of Water (Rivers/Dumps) for Irrigation
  • Availability of Citrus for Large Scale Processing
  • Availability of Cheap Unskilled Labour
  • Presence of Micro Financial Institutions
  • Great Communal Spirit

Constraints and Challenges

In response to the constraints and challenges, the Assembly has been doing the best it can to resolve its constraints by leveraging on its strengths. It has also done the best it knows how to neutralizing its challenges through the opportunities available. Some of the most pervasive and ever present key development conces include the following:

  • Low literacy Rate
  • Inadequate Office Accommodation
  • Inadequate Requisite Personnel
  • Inadequate Students Hostel Accommodation
  • Inadequate Access to Potable Water/Low Water Table
  • Poor Conditions of Road Network
  • Low Capital Formation
  • Inadequate Inteally generated Funds
  • Inadequate Health Infrastructure and Personnel
  • Lack of Industrial Development
  • Inadequate Employment Opportunities

Notwithstanding the daunting nature of the development conces as outlined above, the Assembly remains enthusiastic in its quest to ensure appreciable living standards in the district.