Published on 2015-08-19
Agriculture is the key economic sector and the district is a leading producer of citrus and coconut in the region. These, in particular, hold huge potential for private investors willing to establish modern plantations, since demand for these crops is high and distribution networks to other parts of the country have been well established.
Other crops cultivated are oil palm and pineapples. The former is a major input for soaps and the latter is of export quality. Cocoa and coffee, also export crops, are cultivated on a small scale but there are no constraints to larger production, if an investor opts to do so. Food crops grown are cassava, yams, plantain, cocoyam, banana and maize.
Vegetables include tomatoes, garden eggs, cabbages and pepper. The Edumfa and Abeka areas in the district are the major producers of cassava, maize, oranges and oil palm. All these crops have strong markets, both locally and internationally. Importantly, productivity is very high. The average farm acreage is between two and 20 acres per farmer.
Oil palm farmers have the largest acreage on the average of 15.3, followed by lime farmers at 10.1 and orange farmers at 8.5.Farmers engaged in cocoa and cassava, have, on the average, farm sizes of 7.2 acres. Fishing is the biggest activity in this district. Moree lands about 2,000 tonnes of fish monthly at its local fishing harbour.
This industry, however, is seriously hindered by the lack of cold storage facilities in the area. Therefore, huge potential is available for private investors setting up cold storage facilities, which, in turn, would create even more opportunities in the area of fishing itself. Livestock production, such as cattle ranching and poultry, is low-keyed in the district. However, this takes nothing away from the sheer potential such an activity has. There is only one medium scale processing industry in the district now.This is Fruit and Flavour Limited, located at Asebu. The company is involved in the processing of lime for export and its source of raw materials comprises the small-scale citrus farmers in the district.
Considering this company’s ongoing successes, the size of the export market for lime and the upwardly elastic nature of local supply levels, the area can easily support another equally profitable venture of this nature. There is a small stone quarry at Abakrampa, a small-scale citrus industry at Nyamedom and two sawmilling factories at Abura-Dunkwa and Edumfa.
These areas hold plenty of opportunities for industrial enterprises, given their proximity to sources of useful raw material supplies, and the abundance of cheap labour. To bring out their full potential, the District Assembly intends to establish industrial estates and provide the needed infrastructure and services in the major towns of Abura-Dunkwa, Abakrampa and Asebu.
This will significantly boost industrial development. There are also some traces of mineral deposits in the district which are yet to be exploited. These include kaolin and feldspar at Mpesednedze and Abenu. Clay deposits exist at Bosonim and rock quarrying at Tetse and Miense. The District Assembly will welcome private investors interested in exploiting these mineral deposits in an environmentally-friendly way. Indeed, the Abura-Asebu-Kwamankese District is brimming with opportunities and the District Assembly is committed to private sector-driven growth for the area, both through direct productive enterprises and private sector funded and managed infrastructure.
In contrast to development problems and constraints, which are likely to provide positive impact on the achievement of set goals, the following factors are identified as catalyses on development in the Districts:
- Large body of surplus unskilled labour that can be tapped by investors;
- Existing of a fish-class Fosu-Cape Coast Highway. Passing through north-southwards and Tetsi-Ayeldu-Mankessim asphalt all-year road, making the settlements along their corridors highly accessibly to other parts of the country.
- Presence of water bodies, including a remarkable natural spring, Mankensu.
- Possible availability of land for cultivation of both arable and tree crops as in the case of Apanga Apex Ltd.
- Large deposit of Kaolin near Tetsi-Mankessim highway;
- Presence of agro and forestry produce for processing;
- Sea-front, though shorts, exists for marine fisheries.
- Existence in the District of the Asuansi Technical Institute and the Farm Institute for active involvement in the development process through the Agricultural Extension Service.
Given its problems, constraints and potentials, the development of the Abura-Asebu-Kwamankese District would be accelerated if planned and woven around the following themes:
- Mobilisation of local financial resources for development;
- Efficient use of productive resources;
- Harnessing human resources for gainful employment;
- Increased spatial interaction for social equity without endangering but rather promoting and
- Sustaining the quality of the environment of the District
From the extensive interviewing of a cross-section of the citizenry, the following emerged as the goals for the District as felt by the respondents in order of importance:
- Increase gainful employment of human and other given resources;
- Increased generation of household cash incomes;
- Revenue resources mobilisation;
- Increase in availability of invertible capital - Reduction of harvest losses;
- Improvement in the quality of road network;
- Improvement in health delivery system;
- Decisive improvement in sanitary conditions;
- Reduction in environmental degradation;
- Promotion of the application of Science and Technology Interestingly, these felt goals are not inconsistent with national goals as set out in Ghana-Vision 2020. In this connection, there was the strong feeling that these goals be reflected in the future in the selection of development projects and programmes for consideration in the next Muti-Year Development plan of the District.