The Central Region was the first area of the country to have established contact with the Western World in the 15th Century.
The Region has a land mass of 9,826 km² with a projected population of 1.9 million inhabitants. It has the widest fishing zone (coastal stretch) in the Country about 170 kilometers and produces about 38% of the country’s fish output.
Cape Coast, the Regional Capital was until 1877 the National Capital of the then Gold Coast (Ghana).
The region’s population is estimated at 2,201,863, sex ratio of 90 males per 100 females and an annual growth rate of 2.7%. The population density is about 214 persons per square kilometer. This makes the region the second densely populated after Greater Accra Region. (Source: 2010 Population and Housing Census). Cape Coast the Regional Capital has a total population of 169,894 according to 2010 Population and Housing Census.
Farming and fishing remain the oldest and most dominant occupations of the people in the Region. Statistics show that 70% of the Region’s total population engages in farming and fishing.
The Region is the tourism heartbeat of the Country and the major tourism attractions include:
- 15 Forts and Castles dotted along the coast line
- The Kakum National Park
- The Historical Cultural Festivals
- The Pristine beaches and
- The indeed the hospitality of the people in the Region.
The region is headed by the Regional Minister. The Region has twenty (20) Metropolitan/Municipal/District Assemblies made up of one (1) Metropolitan Assembly, seven (7) Municipal Assemblies and twelve (12) District Assemblies.
Metropolitan Assemblies 250,000 inhabitants
Municipal Assemblies 95,000 inhabitants
District Assemblies 75,000 inhabitants
The Assemblies are headed by Chief Executives who are appointed by the President with the prior approval of their respective Assemblies (Local Parliament).
The Region has twenty-three (23) Political Constituencies each represented by a member of parliament. The Ruling party, the National Democratic Congress (NDC) controls 16 of the seats, whilst the New Patriotic Party (NPP), the biggest opposition party, occupies seven (7) seats.
The Regional Co-ordinating Council (RCC) has a Governing Board – the Regional Co-ordinating Council which meets at least twice in a year.
- The Hon. Regional Minister and His/Her deputy.
- Two Traditional Chiefs
- All the twenty (20) Metropolitan/Municipal/District Chief Executives
- All the twenty (20) Presiding Members of the Metropolitan/Municipal/District Assemblies
- All Heads of Government Departments in the Region who are ex-officio members and do not have a vote
REGIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL (REGSEC)
The Regional Minister chairs a 13 member Security Council whose membership is made up of Heads of the Security Agencies in the Region and the Attorney General’s Representative in the Region.
The Council meets regularly (once every month) and where the need arises to review/evaluate the Security Situation in the Region.
FUNCTIONS OF THE REGIONAL CO-ORDINATING COUNCIL
The Regional Co-ordinating derives its existence and functions from two important documents.
The 1992 Republican Constitution
Local Government Act 462 of 1993
As the link between the Central Government and the Local Level (i.e. Metropolitan/Municipal/District Assemblies and about sixty (60) Government Departments and Agencies, Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and other Civil Society Organizations in the Region)the Regional Co-ordiating Council co-ordinates the activities of the MMDAs
The Regional Co-ordinating Council has a Monitoring Team which goes round the Metropolitan/Municipal/District Assemblies twice every year to monitor their performances in terms of execution of development projects and programmes, compliance with financial regulations of the Government and its development partners.
The challenges confronting the Region include the following:
(A)Activities of illegal miners popularly known as “galamseyers” whose nefarious activities have resulted in the destruction of farmlands, forests and pollution of water bodies in the Region.
(B)Activities of illegal chain-saw operators and their resultant depletion of the forest and degradation of the environment.
(C)Chieftaincy and Land Disputes leading to slow pace of development in the Region.
(D)High rate of motor accidents occurring mostly on the Cape Coast-Accra Highway and the Yamoransa-Kumasi Highway. Reckless driving of some motorists and irresponsible behavior of other road users on these highways have become a source of worry to stakeholders in the road transport and the Regional Co-ordinating Council.