Komenda/ Edina/ Eguafo/ Abirem Municipal
Elmina is one of Ghana’s most famous historic towns and its strategic location and history makes it the beacon for investment and the heart of splendid tourists destination of par excellence not only in the Central Region of Ghana but in the west African sub region.
This is a brief profile of the Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem Municipal Assembly of which Elmina is the Capital, is presented here.
The Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem (KEEA) Municipality was carved out of the Cape Coast Metropolis in 1988 in pursuance to LI 1857.
Location and Size
The Municipality is bounded on the South by the Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea), the East by the Cape Coast Metropolis, the North by the Twifo-Hemang-Lower Denkyira District and the West by the Mpohor – Wassa East District. Perched between longitude 10 20’ West and 10 40’ West and latitude 50 05’ North 150 North the District covers an area of 372.45 kilometers square (919.95 square miles).
There are four paramouncies in the Municipality, these are:
Komenda with the paramount seat at Komenda
Edina with the Paramount seat at Elmina
Eguafo with the paramount seat at Eguafo
Abrem with the paramount seat at Abrem Berase
According to the 2000 PHC, the District had a population of 112,435 which represented about 7.1 % of the central region’s total population. The 2010 PHC report gave the Municipal population at 144,705. The total population for Male is 69,665 and Female is 75,040 representing 48.14% and 51.86% respectively. Thirty-five percent of the population in the Municipality lives in urban centers; the Municipality has an average household size of 4. There are four major towns with respective population figures of over five thousand (5,000) people; these are Elmina, Komenda, Kissi and Agona Abrem. There are seven (7) other settlements with respective population figures of over two thousand, which can be described as sub-urban towns. The projected population of the KEEA Municipality for 2014 is 161,208 which is estimated to increase by 4,412 by 2015.
The landscape of the Municipality is generally undulating dominated by batholiths. Along the coastal zone is a series of lagoons and wetlands, the largest of which include the Benya, Brenu, and Susu Lagoons. These lagoons support a vibrant salt industry in the Municipality. The slopes and hills are steep in inland areas. In between the hills are valleys of various streams, which drain into the coastal lagoon and the Atlantic Ocean. These streams include the Hua and Anta in the west and the Udu and Suruwi in the east.
Geology and Soils
Mainly the Birimian rock type consisting of schist and granites as well as pegmatite underlies a large proportion of the district. On the slopes of the hills, the overburden soils are sandy clayey soils while the valleys have gravely sandy colluviums.
The coastal areas of the municipality form part of the littoral anomalous zone of Ghana and experience a lower rainfall region compared with the interior locations. Temperatures are generally high. And so the variability in climate and vegetation is influenced more by rainfall than temperature. With double maxima, annual rainfall totals in coastal locations rages between 750 and 1,000m while in the lower interior areas, it ranges between 1200 and 1500mm.
The municipality is generally humid. Relative humidity in the mornings varies between 85% and 99%. In the afternoons however, this can decline to between 50-85%.